The Growth and Development of the Automobile Industry – A Deeper Insight

The word “Automobile” has its origins in Greek and Latin and it has become an integral part of every man’s life. It has become so indispensable that on an average, a person spends at least 3 hours in his vehicle every day. Automobile was once thought of as a luxury and only a select few could indulge in. Now, the times have changed and automobiles have become a means of transportation catering to the vast majority.

The transformation from luxury to inevitability

Automobiles, in general, refer to the humble car and the estimates suggest that there is a car for every eleven persons on earth amounting up to 590 million passenger cars. There are various variants of automobiles that cater to every cross section of the population. There are variants that could set you back by a couple of million dollars and other models that cost you a few thousand dollars.

The technological advances in the automobile sector have been tremendous in the last 100 years. The century’s greatest invention or advancement should definitely belong to the automobile industry. One of the earliest pioneers of the automobile Industry was Ransom Olds from the Oldsmobile factory. In the early 1900′s, he introduced the Production Line concept, thus churning out vehicles every few minutes. This idea was greatly revolutionized and implemented by Henry Ford, who elevated automobile industry to the next level. Ford quickly grew in the first half of 20th century and slowly but steadily spread globally.

Growing along with time

With advancement of age, the automobile industry gradually grew in continental Europe and England. Japan introduced quality initiatives that further enhanced the industry. Toyoto from Japan were the pioneers of Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which have been the guiding principles of the automobile industry for the last 50 years. Today, Toyoto are the world’s biggest automobile company according to recent market estimates.

The global boom of the 1980′s was largely because of the automobile revolution. Ford, General Motors and Chrysler, the big 3 automotive giants of America, had a huge say on the country’s economy. They decided the health of the economy and the recent global economic recession has affected them badly. This has made them approach the government for loans and benefits, which have been fulfilled by the government after placing appropriate clauses.

Advent of technology and innovations

Automobile has transcended from being a medium of transportation to a medium of entertainment after the advent of super fast cars competing against each other. NASCAR and F1 races are huge crowd pullers every year. People have made fortunes and drivers of these machines have made their name in history. The fact that automobile racing involves huge costs has made the racing industry reel in these uncertain economic times. The sport has seen tragedies with loss of life in some instances. This has made room for strict safety regulations, which are now mandatory for all the automobile shows.

The negative part

Although man has made a huge leap forward with automobiles, there is a downside to this technological wonder. The emissions from these machines have raised serious environmental concerns with calls for more eco-friendly vehicles. Automobile companies have invested hugely in research and development of eco-friendly vehicles. Except for this single downside, there is slightest of doubts to say that automobiles have been the find of the previous century.

What Is an ICO in Cryptocurrency?

ICO is short for Initial Coin Offering. When launching a new cryptocurrency or crypto-token, the developers offer investors a limited number of units in exchange for other major crypto coins such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.

ICOs are amazing tools for quickly raining development funds to support new cryptocurrencies. The tokens offered during an ICO can be sold and traded on cryptocurrency exchanges, assuming there is sufficient demand for them.

The Ethereum ICO is one of the most notable successes and the popularity of Initial Coin Offerings is growing as we speak.

A brief history of ICOs

Ripple is likely the first cryptocurrency distributed via an ICO. At the start of 2013, Ripple Labs began to develop the Ripple payment system and generated approximately 100 billion XRP tokens. These were sold through an ICO to fund Ripple’s platform development.

Mastercoin is another cryptocurrency that has sold a few million tokens for Bitcoin during an ICO, also in 2013. Mastercoin aimed to tokenize Bitcoin transactions and execute smart contracts by creating a new layer on top of the existing Bitcoin code.

Of course, there are other cryptocurrencies that have been successfully funded through ICOs. Back in 2016, Lisk gathered approximately $5 million during their Initial Coin Offering.

Nevertheless, Ethereum’s ICO that took place in 2014 is probably the most prominent one so far. During their ICO, the Ethereum Foundation sold ETH for 0.0005 Bitcoin each, raising almost $20 million. With Ethereum harnessing the power of smart contracts, it paved the way for the next generation of Initial Coin Offerings.

Ethereum’s ICO, a recipe for success

Ethereum’s smart contracts system has implemented the ERC20 protocol standard that sets the core rules for creating other compliant tokens which can be transacted on Ethereum’s blockchain. This allowed others to create their own tokens, compliant with the ERC20 standard that can be traded for ETH directly on Ethereum’s network.

The DAO is a notable example of successfully using Ethereum’s smart contracts. The investment company raised $100 million worth of ETH and the investors received in exchange DAO tokens allowing them to participate in the governance of the platform. Sadly, the DAO failed after it was hacked.

Ethereum’s ICO and their ERC20 protocol have outlined the latest generation of crowdfunding blockchain-based projects via Initial Coin Offerings.

It also made it very easy to invest in other ERC20 tokens. You simply transfer ETH, paste the contract in your wallet and the new tokens will show up in your account so you can use them however you please.

Obviously, not all cryptocurrencies have ERC20 tokens living on Ethereum ‘s network but pretty much any new blockchain-based project can launch an Initial Coin Offering.

The legal state of ICOs

When it comes to the legality of ICOs, it’s a bit of a jungle out there. In theory, tokens are sold as digital goods, not financial assets. Most jurisdictions haven’t regulated ICOs yet so assuming the founders have a seasoned lawyer on their team, the whole process should be paperless.

Even so, some jurisdictions have become aware of ICOs and are already working on regulating them in a similar manner to sales of shares and securities.

Back in December 2017, the U.S. Securities And Exchange Commission (SEC) classified ICO tokens as securities. In other words, the SEC was preparing to halt ICOs they consider to be misleading investors.

There are some cases in which the token is just a utility token. This means the owner can simply use it to access a certain network or protocol in which case they may not be defined as a financial security. Nevertheless, equity tokens whose purpose is to appreciate in value are quite close to the concept of security. Truth be told, most token purchases are made specifically for investment purposes.

Despite the efforts of regulators, ICOs are still lingering in a grey legal area and until a clearer set of regulations is imposed entrepreneurs will attempt to benefit from Initial Coin Offerings.

It’s also worth mentioning that once regulations reach a final form, the cost and effort required to comply could make ICOs less attractive compared to conventional funding options.

Final words

For now, ICOs remain an amazing way to fund new crypto-related projects and there have been multiple successful ones with more to come.

However, keep in mind everyone is launching ICOs nowadays and many of these projects are scams or lack the solid foundation they need to thrive and make it worth the investment. For this reason, you should definitely do thorough research and investigate the team and background of whatever crypto project you might want to invest in. There are multiple websites out there that list ICOs, we recommend checking this ICO calendar if you’re interested to invest in a crypto project.

Trying the Free Online Game of Medievia

If you have not heard of it there is a game called Medievia which is an online game for people to play. The game is what people call a MUD which is short for Multi-User Dungeon or in a short a large online multi player RPG. Generally speaking these games are text based and Medievia fits this perfectly. A simple way to put is probably a pure text based version of a game such as World of Warcaft or the online version of dungeons and dragons. The game dates back several years all the way back to 1991 and people have played it ever since then.

The game is very simple being in the same vein as dungeons and dragons or a similar game you simply choose a class at the start of the game. Your choices are Thief, Warrior, mage and Cleric. It plays like your standard RPG game except everything is done completely by text. It’s rather difficult to expand on the true depth of the game but I’ll try to give a basic idea. At the start you do your usual things in most RPG games. You explore dungeons, kill monsters, level up and collect gold. However once you begin to level up the number of things which you can do increases rather dramatically.

So far the only class I have played in depth is the Cleric which I’ve managed to level all the way up to upper twenties, your max level is thirty two. Some of the reasons why the game can get so in depth and complex is because once you reach level thirty two things aren’t actually over, just like any good multiplayer RPG. Once you reach this level you have the option to become level one, keep all your old skills or magic, and begin all over again as a new class which essentially allows you to multiclass. On top of this there are a new endless number of dungeons, zones, towns and cities to explore all which have NPC characters who are a part of the story of the area.

They can give you quests which can reward you with experience gold or other things. There are dozens of clans you can join to network and play with other players or you can even do things such as buy items and take them in a caravan to sell at other towns. You can ride horses, dragons, buy a home, get married to start your own blood line and have children, these children then become playable characters which you can give to other people and you can do other things such as buy your own ship or start your own business. So it’s hard to truly put in perspective everything which you can do in this game. I’ll be honest that I haven’t personally gone as deep into this game as you can or as other people have. However I have been playing the game on and off for several years now.

I’ve been in lots of dungeons and zones, gone on trade routes, joined clans and overall just had a lot of fun. The nice thing about this game is that it’s very much no pressure if you choose to do it that way. Like I said I’ve been playing the game on and off for years now and I’ve never had to worry about my account being deleted no matter how long I left it idle. The game is very intuitive with most commands being what you would expect, typing S makes you move south, N makes you move North, rest makes you sit down and rest, etc. As you can guess since it is a game it is somewhat limited on what you can do but the game creators have expanded it so much that there are very few limits on everything. As an RPG it plays extremely well giving you all of the usual stats which such a game needs.

You have health (HP) mana for magic, stamina for movement, vitality which you need to sleep to restore and you need to eat when you’re hungry and drink when you’re thirsty. The game has a huge player base many of which are very active and the more active clans are usually looking to have new members join and they are more than willing to help you out. MUDs in general are good games and this one is a very good example of a well done MUD. Being so large and in depth the fact that they keep it completely free for anyone with an internet connection to play is nice.

You can play it in a browser but the free application which you can download and install to play it works much better. For people who have extra money they do have the option to donate money which results in special items which can help give you an edge in the game. The game also has simple maps to help give you a small visual idea of what you’re playing which almost makes it feel like a nice text based game/story. The thing which I like most is how you can be a regular player or a more casual player like I am.

This is nice for me because when I’m in the mood I’ll play the game and when the mood passes I’ll let it be. I know that my account will always be there for me when I come back and there’s no requirements for how often I need to be around. If you really like RPG games, something which you can play with your friends, and you are looking for something which is completely free then I would try out this game. The fact that you can play it on something as simple as a dial-up connection is nice as well. So if you have the interest and time I would suggest checking out the online game of Medievia.